The Tenth largest state of India was carved out of Madhya Pradesh on 1st of November, 2000. Covering an area of 1.35 Lac Sq Km, Chhattisgarh can broadly be divided into Central plains drained by Mahanadi and Sheonath Rivers, the picturesque Norther Plateau and the enchanting Bastar Plateau. With more than 45% forest cover, Chhattisgarh provides a unique milieu of Tribal culture/ values which have blended seamless with subsequent waves of people who have come to call this place as their home. Strategically located at the ‘heart’ of India, Chhattisgarh has had influence of all North and South, as well as East and West. This lends a cosmopolitan culture with high value attached to personal independence, women empowerment etc.
AT A GLANCE
- 26th state of India, carved out of Madhya Pradesh on November 01, 2000.
- Neighbouring states: Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Odisha**.
- Location: 21.27 N, 81.60 E.
- Area: 1,37,898 Km2– among the 10 largest states of India.
- Population: 25,545,198. Population Density: 154/ms2.
- Per capita income: Estimated to reach Rs 52,689 in 2012-13 as against Rs 46,743 in 2011-12.
- Major Languages: Hindi, Chhattisgarhi.
The gender ratio for Chhattisgarh according to the 2011 census was 991, Chhattisgarh has a high female-male sex ratio (991) ranking at the 5th position among other states of India. Although this ratio is small compared to other states, it is unique in India because Chhattisharh is — the 10th largest state in India. The gender ratio in Rural areas is 1000, but the urban gender ratio, on the other hand is very low at just 917. The trend of a very low urban gender ratio is common across different groups in Chhattisgarh. The gender ratio amongst the tribal groups in the state, based on the 1991 census was 1009, but it falls to a low of just 920 for urban areas. Similarly the gender ratio for all scheduled castes was 987, whereas it was 853 in urban areas. It is not only the tribal communities that have a high gender ratio. The non-scheduled tribes and castes have a gender ratio of 971 in 1991. This figure is high and shows that women in Chhattisgarh are in a better condition in comparison to most of India.
Naya Raipur "21st Century Smart City"
- Electronics Manufacturing Cluster (EMC) - 70 acres area earmarked NIMZ (National Investment and Manufacturing Zone) Proposed, * Over 80 sq. km. already developed
- Housing Projects, both Government and private, coming up
- Administration Structure - NRDA, Autonomous authority, Rule-based
- Common Area - Jungle Safari, Golf Course, Film City, Asia’s largest botanical garden, Centre Park, Water Sports, Non Motorised Transport
- International Cricket Stadium, Hidayatullah National Law University, IIM Raipur, IIIT and BRTS.
- State Government Offices already functional
INDIA’S FIRST GREENFIELD SMART CITY.
Chhattisgarh has been famous for its rice mills, cements and steel plants. Durg, Raipur, Korba and Bilaspur are the leading districts in the field of industrial development in the state. Bhilai Steel Plant (BSP) in Durg district happens to be the largest integrated steel plant of the country. Establishment of BSP in 1950's led to development of a wide range of industries at Raipur and Bhilai. Raipur district has got the rare distinction of having the largest number of big and small-scale cement plants. Bilaspur and Durg districts too are home to a number of large-scale cement plants korba, with a number of power generating units established by NTPC and MPEB, is among the leading power generation centers of the country. Aluminium and explosive plants are also located in Korba district. There are a number of industrial growth centers in the state which host hundreds of industrial units. The principal growth centers in the state are : Urla and Siltara (Raipur); Borai (Durg) and Sirgitti (Bilaspur).
Chhattisgarh is one of the few states of India where the power sector is effectively developed. Based on the current production of surplus electric power, the position of the State is comfortable and profitable. Chhattisgarh provides electricity to several other states because of surplus production and its power hubs are Korba and Bilaspur, 25% capacity addition of total national target of 88,0000 MW will come in Chhattisgarh. Apart from NTPC and CSEB, there are a number of private generation units of large and small capacity. The state government has pursued a liberal policy with regard to captive generation, which has resulted in a number of private players coming up.
Transportation and Communication Facilities
- Direct physical access to markets of 7 states: Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar and Odisha
- Total road length of 35,411 km including 12 National Highways
- 1187 km of Rail network
- Highest freight loading capacity and Railway operations in Chhattisgarh generates 1/6th of Railway's revenues
- Existing Airport in Naya Raipur - ‘National Tourism Award 2012-13’ for best Airport in India in non-metro category. International flights to commence operations from Raipur soon. Airports proposed at Raigarh and Bilaspur
- Vizag Port at a distance of 548 km from Raipur
- Cargo complex is under development by AAI
There are a total of 42 tribes in Chhattisgarh, principal among then being the Gond tribe. Besides, a large population of Kanwar, Brinjhwar, Bhaina, Bhatra, Uraon, Munda, Kamar, Halba, Baiga, Sanwra, Korwa, Bharia, Nageshia, Manghwar, Kharia and Dhanwar tribe are also found in the State.
Chhattisgarh is rich in minerals. It produces 20% of the country's total cement produce. It ranks first in the nation for coal production and second in reserves, third in iron ore production and first in tin production (36% Tin Ore Production). Limestone, dolomite and bauxite are abundant. It is the only tin-ore producing state in the country. Other minerals include corandum, garnet, quartz, marble, alexandrite and diamonds.
|RAIPUR||Limestone, diamond, alexandrite, garnet, dolomite, granite, iron ore.|
|DURG||Iron ore, lime stone, dolomite, quartzite|
|RAJNANDGAON||Iron ore, lime stone, fluorite, quartz, granite|
|KAWARDHA||Bauxite, lime stone|
|BILASPUR||Dolomite, lime stone|
|JANJGIR||Lime stone, dolomite|
|KORBA||Lime stone, coal quartzite|
|KORIA||Coal, fire clay|
|BASTAR||Lime stone, dolomite, tin ore, diamond|
|DANTEWADA||Iron ore, Corrundum|
|KANKER||Iron ore, bauxite|